In an Indian tale, one donkey envied the dog: “The owner loves her more than anyone else, but he does not pay attention to me, although I drive him, carry loads, try-I tear. Probably, this is because the dog is a lick. She wags her tail, jumps in front of the owner, kneels to him. I must do it, maybe the owner will love me. “
The owner returned home from the field and sat down in a chair in the courtyard. The donkey jumped on him, wagged his tail, tried to get on his knees and yelled in a wild voice, portraying a friendly barking. The owner screamed with fear, and the crystal dream of a donkey to become a beloved animal remained a dream.
This tale reflects the greatest injustice in relation to the donkey. For which he was vulgarized by a fool, it is completely incomprehensible. For some reason, the actions of donkeys have always been compared with the actions of other animals. For example, a well-known habit of donkeys to freeze in place, if they do not like something.
For this they are scolded and set as an example obedient horse. The horse really does the opposite: it immediately breaks off and runs, which is not very sensible in the mountainous terrain. Do not count how many horses fell into the abyss where the donkey freezes and cautiously retreats, leaving a dangerous place. Well, who is smarter?
The donkey is smaller than a horse, but can carry up to 130 kg on its back (a horse, on the average, 70-80 kg). The donkey has strong hoofs, he does not need horseshoes even in the mountains. Is it a sign of stupidity?
In ancient times, the donkey enjoyed well-deserved respect. And no wonder: the horses were not properly domesticated, the donkeys did all their work – they plowed, carried various loads (it was about 6 thousand years ago). The ancestor of most domestic donkeys was a wild African donkey, still living in the deserts of Southern Nubia and Somalia. Sumerians – inhabitants of ancient Mesopotamia – domesticated another donkey, Asian, but then the horse drove the donkey out of human farms.
The Bible heroes treated donkeys well. They were visited by Abraham, Moses and other patriarchs and kings. In Ancient Greece donkeys were dedicated to Dionysus, the god of fertility and winemaking.
In Rome, the donkey was a sacred animal of the goddess of the home of Vesta. The ass was considered a medicinal animal: the famous Greek physician Hippocrates treated a lot of diseases with donkey milk. And Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD), writer and statesman of Rome, advised to treat the headache with water, which the donkey drank.
Most likely, the donkey began to be considered a fool in the Middle Ages, when the animal’s ideal was recognized as the companion of a western knight, a faithful friend of an oriental warrior. To shade the mind and nobility of the horse, the donkey in fairy tales began to attach features of the fool. There is no number of fairy tales about how the donkey was fooled by everyone who is not lazy – a fox and a wolf, a wolf and a horse, a hare and a crow.
But in eastern fairy tales there is no-no, and a trace of the former respectful attitude will flash. For example, in one Indian parable tells how a camel and a donkey decided to cross the river. The camel reached the middle and said: “Ass brother, why are you shy? It’s very shallow here, on my belly. ” – “You are fine, on the belly, but I’ll hide it with my head,” the donkey retorted and did not go into the water. And then the narrator proposes to follow the example of the donkey and be cautious and prudent.
Little donkeys are very photogenic
Unexpectedly, after many centuries of unjust attitude, our contemporaries appreciated the ass. But it would be better if they did not do it – donkeys would have lived better. Because of the positive qualities of the donkey – perseverance, caution, endurance – they were interested in the military.
The military adviser of the Soviet Union in Iraq describes in the 80s what remarkable successes the Iraqi trainers have achieved. Donkeys after training could pass through the minefield and not undermine, could blow up an important strategic object of the enemy (for example, not in general any machine, namely the one whose photograph they were shown).
Where the other animal is frightened and confuses everything, the donkey will go to the end. There is information that during the Iran-Iraq war with the help of the donkey one of the Iranian generals was destroyed. And during the Desert Storm, the donkeys of the Iraqi army blew up an American battery of Patriot antiaircraft missiles and an army fuel depot.
A donkey can work as a spy. Having swallowed a small capsule that “eavesdrops” sounds within a radius of 3 km, the donkey comes to a place of accumulation of equipment or to the headquarters … who will hide from the stupid ass?
A more humane military profession is a donkey. In 1997, the Australian Red Cross celebrated the merits of donkeys who served in the army in the military campaign of 1915-1916. The donkey Murphy, who brought thousands of wounded soldiers from the front line to the field hospitals, received even an award. The truth is posthumous.